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Hydraulic Seal
A hydraulic seal is usually a relatively soft, non-metallic ring captured in a groove or fixed in a combination of rings, forming a seal assembly, to block or separate fluid in reciprocating motion applications.
Leakage Rate
The rate at which a fluid passes a seal in a given time.
Lip Seal
An elastomeric seal that prevents leakage in rotary seal applications through the use of one or more contact lips operating on the shaft surface. These seals are commonly called shaft seals, oil seals or rotary lip seals.
O-ring
A toroidal shaped sealing device usually made from an elastomeric material, may also be made from metal or PTFE.
Perfluoroelastomer
An elastomer with high temperature and chemical resistances.
Permanent Set
Permanent deformation of spring or elastomer upon release of load.
Permeation
The passage of a fluid under pressure through a solid material by diffusion.
Polymer
A material formed by the joining together of many (poly) units (mer) of one or more monomers.
Porosity
Quality or state of being porous.
PTFE
Polytetrafluoroethylene.
Rubber
See "Elastomer."
Scraper
A seal used to keep dirt or other foreign matter out of a hydraulic or pneumatic device.
Seal
A device designed to prevent the passage of a medium (fluid or solid).
Single acting Seal
A seal designed to take pressure from only one side.
Spring
A machine element capable of restoring energy and releasing it.
Static Seal
A seal between two non moving parts.
Tensile Strength
Ratio of the maximum load a material can support without fracture when being stretched to the original area of a cross section of the material.
Thermal Expansion
Expansion caused by increase in temperature.
Uni-directional Seal
A seal that prevents leakage from only one direction.
Vacuum
An enclosed space that is occupied by a gas at less than atmospheric pressure.
Vulcanization
Refers to a specific curing process of rubber involving high heat and the addition of sulfur or other equivalent curatives.
Weepage
A minute amount of liquid passing by a seal.
Wiper Ring
See "Scraper."
Wear Ring
Element used to protect moving parts from wear.
Anti-extrusion Ring
A ring used to support a softer sealing ring and prevent it from extruding.
Back-up Ring
Anti-extrusion ring or support ring.
Bearing
See Wear Ring
Bi-directional Seal
A seal that prevents leakage from both directions.
Cold Flow
Continued deformation under stress
Composite Material
Materials made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties which remain separate and distinct on a macroscopic level within the finished structure.
Compression Set
The permanent deformation of a seal after release of a compressive load.
Copolymer
A copolymer is a polymer derived from two (or more) monomeric species.
Creep
Creep is the tendency of a solid material to slowly move or deform permanently under the influence of stresses.
Double acting Seal
A seal designed to take pressure from two sides.
Dynamic Seal
A seal designed to prevent leakage between two moving surfaces.
Elasticity
The property of a substance that enables it to change its length, volume, or shape in direct response to a force effecting such a change and to recover its original form upon the removal of the force.
Elastomer
An elastic substance occurring naturally, as natural rubber, or produced synthetically, as butyl rubber or nitrile.
Extrusion
Distortion or flow of part of a seal into an extrusion gap under pressure.
Extrusion Gap
The clearance on the low pressure side between two parts, which house the seal.
Face Seal
A seal that is compressed in a direction parallel to its axis.
Flash
Extruded material on the partially finished product formed during the molding process.
Flex Cracking
A surface cracking induced by repeated bending or flexing.
Free Height
The height of a seal in its free-state.
Friction
Friction is the force resisting the relative motion of two surfaces in contact.
Gasket
A rubber, metal, or other material, for packing a piston or placing around a joint to make it seal a fluid or gas.
Gland
A cavity into which a seal is installed. Component at the working end of a cylinder which contains seals.
Hardness
The measured resistance of a material to indention, abrasion, deformation, or machining.
Housing
A rigid component which contains a seal assembly.
Natural rubber
Isoprene rubber
Styrene-butadiene rubber
Butadiene rubber
Isobutylene-isoprene rubber
Ethylene-propylene termpolymer
Acrylonitrile-butadien rubber
Epichlorohydrin rubber
Chloroprene rubber
Chlorosulfonated polyethylene
Polyurethane
Hydrous acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber
Silicone Rubber
Silicone Rubber
Flourosilicone rubber
Flourinated rubber
Polyacrylate rubber
Perflourinated rubber
Polytetraflouroethylene
Polyoxymethylene
Polyamide
Polyesterelastomer
Natsyn, Cariflex IR

Buna Huls, Polysar S, Solprene
Buna CB, Polybutadien K
Polysar Butyl, Esso-Butyl
Keltan, Buna AP, Dutral
Perbunan, Polysar, Krynac
Herclor, Hydrin
Baypren, Neoprene
Hypalon
Urepan, Desmopan
Therban, Zetpol
Siloprene
Siloprene
Silastic
Viton, Flourel, Tecnoflon
Hycar
Kalrez
Teflon, Hostaflon
Delrin, Hostaform
Ultramid
Hytrel, Ultradur
Standard Materials
* NOTE: Any special and non-standard O-Rings and Flat Gaskets can be molded with NO tooling charge. Especially big sizes and non-standard sizes.
NR
IR
SBR
BR
IIR
EPDM
NBR
ECO
CR
CSM
AU, EU
HNBR
VMQ
PVMQ
FVMQ
FPM
ACM
FFKM
PTME
(POM)
(PA)